“The haven all memes depend on reaching is the human mind, but a human mind is itself an artefact created when memes restructure a human brain in order to make it a better habitat for memes”. Daniel Dennett, Consciousness Explained
Grey Memes are created by the collective intelligence of the 'Grey Matters' social media network, and the collective intelligence of Wikipedia. They innoculate against faulty reasoning, cognitive biases, fallacies, rhetoric, and generally irrational thinking by exposing social media users to psychological research.
Facebook message me with your idea for the next Grey Meme. It can be taken from the list below (light grey has already been used) or from your own research.
Please vote here for the next Grey Meme:
ANCHORING Relying too much on the first piece of evidence you find when making decisions
ARGUMENTUM AD HITLERUM Or, 'Playing the Hitler Card'. E.g. Hitler was a vegetarian; therefore, vegetarianism is wrong.
ARGUMENTUM AD ODIUM Swaying an audience emotionally by associating a hate-figure with opposition to the speaker's argument.
BANDWAGON EFFECT As more people come to believe in something, others also do regardless of the evidence.
BELIEF BIAS Evaluation of the logical strength of an argument is biased by the believability of the conclusion
BELLYFEEL The blind and enthusiastic acceptance of an idea (1984, Orwell)
BIAS BLIND SPOT The tendency to see oneself as less biased than other people, or to be able to identify more cognitive biases in others than in oneself
CATFISHING Deceptive activity where a person creates a sock puppet social networking prescence for nefarious purposes.
COLLECTIVE HYSTERIA Transmission of illusions of threats through a society due to rumors and fear.
COLLECTIVE NARCISSISM Members of a group hold inflated views of their ingroup
CONTINUED INFLUENCE EFFECT Tendency to believe previously learned misinformation even after it has been corrected.
CROWD MANIPULATION Intentional use of techniques to direct the behaviours of a crowd to a specific action.
DECLINISM Predisposition to view the past favourably and the future negatively.
DUCKSPEAK "To make articulate speech issue from the larynx without involving the higher brain centres at all" (1984, Orwell).
EGOCENTRIC BIAS When people claim more responsibility for themselves for the results of a joint action than an outside observer would credit them with.
EMOTIONAL CONTAGION One person's emotions/related behaviours directly triggering similar emotions/behaviours in others.
EMPATHY GAP Underestimating the influences of visceral drives (e.g. strong emotions) on our attitudes and behaviours
FALSE DILEMMA Something is falsely claimed to be an either-or situation, when in fact there is at least one additional option.
FRAMING EFFECT Different decisions made based on way a choice is 'framed' or presented, such as the way a question is phrased in a political poll
GENDER GOATING Scapegoating and discriminating against people according to gender.
GODWIN'S LAW As an online discussion grows longer, the probability of a comparision involving Hitler approaches 1.
GROUPTHINK Dysfunctional decision-making outcomes from groups desiring conformity
ILLUSORY CORRELATION Seeing a relationship between variables even when no such relationship exists
ILLUSORY TRUTH EFFECT Tendency to believe information to be correct after repeated exposure.
INGROUP BIAS The tendency for people to give preferential treatment to others they perceive to be members of their own groups.
INTERNET TROLLING Posting inflammatory or extraneous messages witht the intent of provoking an emotional response or disrupting on-topic discussion
LATENT MISOGYNY TALK Words used in a derogatory way in connection with women, but rarely with men, and that often go unnoticed in public forums e.g. gossipy, catty, bitchy, nag, cold, forward, bossy.
MISANDRYSPEAK Making and using words that propogate hate against men, often with neologisms using 'man' as a derogatory prefix e.g. 'mansplaining'.
MERE-EXPOSURE EFFECT Giving preference to things/ideas/people just because they are familiar
NAIVE REALISM The belief that we see reality as it really is – objectively and without bias.
OBSCURANTISM Restricting knowledge to an elite by preventing the facts becoming known, often by the use of deliberate vagueness.
POST HOC ERGO PROPTER HOC "Since event Y followed event X, event Y must have been caused by event X."
REDUCTIO AD FASCIST Attempt to invalidate a person's ideas by claiming the person is a 'fascist'.
SHARED INFORMATION BIAS Tendency for group members to spend most time/energy on information with which the group is already familiar, instead of unshared information.
THOUGHT-TERMINATING CLICHES Short generic truisms that offer simple answers to complex problems or distract attention from other lines of thought.
STRAWMAN SOCKPUPPET Pseudonym pretending to hold a view, in order to make that view appear foolish.
WOOZLE EFFECT When people are misled into thinking there is evidence for a 'fact' because it is cited frequently, even when there is no real evidence.
WOOZLE REASONING Attempting to get others to accept there is evidence for something simply by employing phrases such as "Every one know..." or "It is generally agreed that..."